What are Opiates?

Opiates are naturally derived from the active ingredients in the opium poppy plant. All opiates fall under the category of opioids since the accepted definition of opioids is now any drug that reacts on the opioid receptors of the brain. Like other opioids, opiates have a high potential for abuse and dependency. Users will build a tolerance to the drug and will need to take larger does in order to achieve the desired effects and to mitigate the common withdrawal symptoms associated with cessation.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

10 ng/mL (Saliva)

Window of Detection

1 – 3 Days (Urine)

1 – 2 Days (Saliva)

How is it Used?

Opiates come in a variety of forms and can be, taken orally, absorbed through the skin, inhaled, insufflated, and injected both intravenously and intramuscularly.

What are the Effects?

The effects of opiates are similar to that of other opioids. The effects vary in strength and duration depending on the size of dose frequency of use and other psychical factors of the user. When injected or taken intravenously onset effects take place almost immediately as opposed to digesting it or inhaling it. Opiates will produce a pain reliving euphoric effect which leads to severe psychological and psychical dependence and addiction. More serious health effects and death can be associated with prolong use of opioids if not taken properly under medical supervision.

Common Symptoms

  • Noticeable elation/euphoria.
  • Marked sedation/drowsiness.
  • Confusion.
  • Constricted pupils.
  • Slowed breathing.
  • Intermittent nodding off, or loss of consciousness.
  • Constipation
  • Death

Common Street Names (Opium)

  • Aunti
  • Aunti Emma
  • Big O
  • Black pill
  • Chandu
  • Chinese Molasses
  • Dopium
  • Dream Gun
  • Fi-do-nie
  • Gee
  • Guma
  • Midnight Oil
  • Zero

What does it Look Like?

Opiates can take on a variety of different forms including, milky white liquid, clear liquid, dark tar or rock substance, white powdery substance, and a myriad of different color and shape tablets or pills.

Legal Status

Opiates, or most opioids, are Schedule II or Schedule III substances under the U.S. Controlled Substance Act however, Heroin, a synthetic opioid is a Scheduled I substance.

Testing Options

  • Integrated Urine Test Cup
  • Urine Test Dip Card
  • Oral Fluid Test
  • Field Test

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