Gamma-Hydroxybutyric Acid

What is GHB?

Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) or, sodium oxybate, is a central nervous system depressant, also widely known as the  “date-rape” drug and, under approval of strict DEA and FDA protocol can be prescribed medically, to treat narcolepsy and a medical condition called cataplexy.  The drug gained popularity for recreational use during the 1990’s as a club drug among ravers and is considered to have a high potential for abuse due to the eurphoric effects it can produce.  Some GHB analogues, such as gamma-butyrlactone and 1,4-Butanediol, or GBL and BD, are available legally for industrial use in the production of polyurethane, pesticides, elastic fibers, pharmaceuticals, metal and plastic coatings among a variety of the products. GHB analogues are also sold illicitly for steroidal purposes like muscle growth for body building, fat loss, baldness reversal, and anti-aging. 


Cut-Off Levels Window of Detection
200 ng/mL (Urine) 1 – 3 Days (Urine)


Common Nicknames
  • Easy Lay
  • G
  • Georgia Home Boy
  • GHB
  • Goop
  • Grievous Bodily Harm
  • Liquid Ecstasy 
  • Liquid X
  • Scoop
How is it Used?

Commonly sold in liquid or powder form, GHB is usually consumed orally by either drinking the liquid or dissolving the powder into a drink.

What Does It Look Like?

GHB comes in a clear orderless liquid, or white powder.

What Are the Effects?

The onset effects of GHB usually take around 15-30 minutes to appear and can last anywhere from 4-6 hours. Given it’s central nervous system depressant effects users can experience euphoric 

Common Symptoms
  • Euphoria
  • Drowsiness
  • Decreased Anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Memory Impairment
  • GHB analogues are known to produce side effects such as:
  • Skin Irritation
  • Eye Irritation
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Incontinence
  • Unconsciousness
  • Seizures
  • Liver Damage
  • Kidney Failure
  • Respiratory Depression
  • Death
Legal Status

GHB is classifies under the controlled substance act of the United States of America as a scheduled I controlled substance. This means that GHB is considered to have a high potential of dependence and abuse and currently has no medical use. However, under certain strict protocols and approval from DEA and FDA, there are some GHB products that are schedule III controlled substances and can be obtained for medical use with a prescription from a medical practitioner.




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