What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that derives from coca leaves native to South America. The common form of cocaine is produced through a series of chemical processes involving very harmful substances with the end result being illegally distributed through out the world. Cocaine has been used in it’s earliest days as medical remedy and has now become one of the most popular among recreational drug users due to the intense euphoric effects. It has short lasting rapid on set effects that can appear within 10 minutes after use and last any where from 30 minutes to an hour.
|Cut-Off Levels||Window of Detection|
|100, 150, 200 or 300 ng/mL (Urine)||1 Hr. to 4 Days (Urine)|
|20 or 50 ng/mL (Saliva)||Up to 24 Hrs. (Saliva)|
Cocaine can be crushed into powder and insufflated nasally, mixed with water and injected, or smoked and is often mixed with other drugs like opioids, known as speedballing. Due to it’s highly additive properties the potential for abuse and repetitive use is common among users.
White powdery substance.
Depending on it is taken the effects of cocaine can vary. When injected users describe a “rush” of euphoria with short lasting rapid on set effects where as when cocaine is insufflated or inhaled the “rush” is much lesser and on set effects can take within 10-15 minutes to occur. The short lasting stimulant effects of cocaine lead to frequent and habitual use. Other effects such as erratic behavior, anxiety and paranoia have been associated with the use of cocaine.
- constricted blood vessels
- dilated pupils
- raised body temperature and blood pressure
- faster heartbeat
- tremors and muscle twitches
- extreme happiness and energy
- mental alertness
- hypersensitivity to sight, sound, and touch
- paranoia—extreme and unreasonable distrust of others
Scheduled II substance under U.S. Controlled Substance Act. Cocaine solutions can be used in a medical to reduce bleeding in the mouth, throat and mucus membranes although is rarely uses as there are much better options for such purposes.