Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.
|Cut- Off Levels||Window of Detection|
|200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)||2hr. - 3 Days (Urine)|
|50, 300 ng/mL (Saliva)||1 - 2 Days (Saliva)|
- Block Busters
- Christmas Trees
- Goof Balls
- Red Devils
- Reds & Blues
- Yellow Jackets
Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose. Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.
Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, Rohypnol®, and GHB.
Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act. Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.