Benzodiazepine

Benzodiazepine

Benzodiazepine

BZO

What is Benzodiazepine?

Benzodiazepines are  prescription only central nervous system depressants used to treat anxiety, insomnia, muscle spasms, and seizures. They can cause sedation and hypnosis.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

50, 300 ng/mL (Saliva)

Window of Detection

2 Hr. - 3 Days (Urine)

1 - 2 Days (Saliva)

How is it Used?

 

Benzodiazepine can only be obtained, legally, with a prescription from a licensed medical practitioner and is most often given in tablet form to be taken orally. The drug has gained popularity in recreational use and where users will sometimes crush the tablet to be insufflated nasally, injected, or inhaled when burned.

What are the Effects?

Benzodiazepines suppress the central nervous system causing sever drowsiness and sleepiness. Amnesia and spouts of memory lapse are common among users and these effects are increased with larger doses. 

Common Street Names

  • Benzos
  • Zannies
  • Zanny Bars
  • Bars, Dozers
  • Mind Erasers

Common Symptoms

  • Drowsiness
  • Sleepiness 
  • Amnesia 
  • Irritability
  • Vidid Dreams
  • Shallow Respiration
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Week and Rapid Pulse
  • Coma
  • Death
 

What does it Look Like?

Benzodiazepine comes in tablet form in a variety of shapes and colors. Some popular brand names include Xanax, Ativan and Kolonpin.

Legal Status

Schedule  III under the Controlled Substances Act.

Testing Options

  • Integrated Urine Cup Test
  • Urine Dip Card Test
  • Oral Fluid Test

Contact us

Call Us

1-866-989-9300

Email Us

info@ntsbiz.com

Our Location

550 NW 77th Street

Boca Raton, FL 33487

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Benzodiazepine

Cocaine

Cocaine

COC

What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that derives from coca leaves native to South America. The common form of cocaine is produced through a series of chemical processes involving very harmful substances with the end result being illegally distributed through out the world. Cocaine has been used in it’s earliest days as medical remedy and has now become one of the most popular among recreational drug users due to the intense euphoric effects. It has short lasting rapid on set effects that can appear within 10 minutes after use and last any where from 30 minutes to an hour.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

100, 150, 200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

20, 50 ng/mL (Saliva)

Window of Detection

1 Hr. - 4 Days (Urine)

Up to 24 hrs (Saliva)

How is it Used?

Cocaine can be crushed into powder and insufflated nasally, mixed with water and injected, or smoked and is often mixed with other drugs like opioids, known as speedballing. Due to it’s highly additive properties the potential for abuse and repetitive use is common among users.

What are the Effects?

Depending on it is taken the effects of cocaine can vary. When injected users  describe a “rush” of euphoria with  short lasting rapid on set effects where as when cocaine is insufflated or inhaled the “rush” is much lesser and on set effects can take within 10-15 minutes to occur. The short lasting stimulant effects of cocaine lead to frequent and habitual use. Other effects such as erratic behavior, anxiety and paranoia have been associated with the use of cocaine. 

Common Symptoms

  • constricted blood vessels
  • dilated pupils
  • nausea
  • raised body temperature and blood pressure
  • faster heartbeat
  • tremors and muscle twitches
  • restlessness
  • extreme happiness and energy
  • mental alertness
  • hypersensitivity to sight, sound, and touch
  • irritability
  • paranoia—extreme and unreasonable distrust of others
     

    Common Street Names

    • Blow

    • Snow

    • Ski

    • White

    • Crack

    • Rock

    What does it Look Like?

    In its’ processed form, cocaine is most recognized as a white powdery substance or hard, solid, crystalized rocks.

     

    Legal Status

    Scheduled II substance under U.S. Controlled Substance Act. Cocaine solutions can be used in a medical to reduce bleeding in the mouth, throat and mucus membranes although is rarely uses as there are much better options for such purposes. 

    Testing Options

    • Integrated Urine Test Cup
    • Urine Test Dip Card
    • Oral Fluid Test
    • Field Test

    Contact us

    Call Us

    1-866-989-9300

    Email Us

    info@ntsbiz.com

    Our Location

    550 NW 77th Street

    Boca Raton, FL 33487

    Get in touch

    Benzodiazepine

    Nicotine

    Nicotine

    NIC / COT

    What is Nicotine?

    Nicotine is a stimulant commonly found in tobacco products such as cigarettes, cigars, and electronic cigarettes. Nicotine is highly addictive causing depended in users. It is one the most used drugs around the world and has been socially acceptable, though in recent years recent years smoking, one the most common ways to consume nicotine, has decreased due to negative health effects that come with smoking tobacco.

    Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

    200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

    10 ng/mL (Saliva)

    Window of Detection

    1 - 3 Days (Urine)

    1 - 2 Days (Saliva)

    How is it Used?

    Nicotine is a liquid alkaloid of the tobacco plant and can be absorbed through the skin or mucus membranes in the body but is most commonly consumed by  smoking  tobacco products such as cigarettes and cigars. In more recent years smoking has decreased, however, electronic cigarettes, which are tobacco less electronic devises that will vaporize an oil extract containing nicotine, has become increasingly  popular. People can also chew or absorb nicotine through chewing tobacco know as snuff or dip. There are also transdermal patches the can be placed on the skin and nicotine gum that can be chewed typically when someone is trying to quit smoking. Brands like Chantix offer tablets that can be taken orally for smoking cessation as well.

    What are the Effects?

    When nicotine is consumed a brief a sudden surge of endorphins released increasing  the dopamine neurotransmitters  that are associated with the reward circuits in the brain. Compareable to the high of other stimulants such as coffee and cocaine but at a much lesser degree. This plays a part in the dependency that is caused from consuming nicotine and will actually make a user feel as is they are being rewarded for the behavior. Users will feel a calming euphoric sensation that is short in duration leading to habitual use. Cessation of nicotine can cause physical withdrawal symptoms that can last from 2-4 weeks but psychological  dependence can last much longer. Smoking tobacco can cause serious health effects and has been linked to heart disease, strokes, heart attacks, gum disease, and cancer.

    Common Symptoms

    • Rapid heart rate
    • High blood pressure
    • Irritability 
    • Nausea
    • Head aches
    • Halitosis 
     
     

    Common Street Names

    • Smokes
    • Butts
    • Cigs
    • Dip 
    • Snuff
    • Chew

    What does it Look Like?

    Tobacco leaves contain nicotine and when dried look dark to light brown. Nicotine in it’s pure state is an orderless, colorless liquid, oily in consistency, and turns brownish when exposed to light

    Legal Status

    Currently available commercially for anyone 19 years of age or older.

    Testing Options

    • Integrated Urine Test Cup
    • Urine Test Dip Card
    • Oral Fluid Test
    • Field Test

    Contact us

    Call Us

    1-866-989-9300

    Email Us

    info@ntsbiz.com

    Our Location

    550 NW 77th Street

    Boca Raton, FL 33487

    Get in touch

    Benzodiazepine

    Opiate

    Opiate

    OPI

    What are Opiates?

    Opiates are naturally derived from the active ingredients in the opium poppy plant. All opiates fall under the category of opioids since the accepted definition of opioids is now any drug that reacts on the opioid receptors of the brain. Like other opioids, opiates have a high potential for abuse and dependency. Users will build a tolerance to the drug and will need to take larger does in order to achieve the desired effects and to mitigate the common withdrawal symptoms associated with cessation.

    Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

    200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

    10 ng/mL (Saliva)

    Window of Detection

    1 - 3 Days (Urine)

    1 - 2 Days (Saliva)

    How is it Used?

    Opiates come in a variety of forms and can be, taken orally, absorbed through the skin, inhaled, insufflated, and injected both intravenously and intramuscularly.

    What are the Effects?

    The effects of opiates are similar to that of other opioids. The effects vary in strength and duration depending on the size of dose frequency of use and other psychical factors of the user. When injected or taken intravenously onset effects take place almost immediately as opposed to digesting it or inhaling it. Opiates will produce a pain reliving euphoric effect which leads to severe psychological and psychical dependence and addiction. More serious health effects and death can be associated with prolong use of opioids if not taken properly under medical supervision.

    Common Symptoms

    • Noticeable elation/euphoria.
    • Marked sedation/drowsiness.
    • Confusion.
    • Constricted pupils.
    • Slowed breathing.
    • Intermittent nodding off, or loss of consciousness.
    • Constipation
    • Death

    Common Street Names (Opium)

    • Aunti
    • Aunti Emma
    • Big O
    • Black pill
    • Chandu
    • Chinese Molasses
    • Dopium
    • Dream Gun
    • Fi-do-nie
    • Gee
    • Guma
    • Midnight Oil
    • Zero

    What does it Look Like?

    Opiates can take on a variety of different forms including, milky white liquid, clear liquid, dark tar or rock substance, white powdery substance, and a myriad of different color and shape tablets or pills.

    Legal Status

    Opiates, or most opioids, are Schedule II or Schedule III substances under the U.S. Controlled Substance Act however, Heroin, a synthetic opioid is a Scheduled I substance.

    Testing Options

    • Integrated Urine Test Cup
    • Urine Test Dip Card
    • Oral Fluid Test
    • Field Test

    Contact us

    Call Us

    1-866-989-9300

    Email Us

    info@ntsbiz.com

    Our Location

    550 NW 77th Street

    Boca Raton, FL 33487

    Get in touch

    Benzodiazepine

    Synthetic Marijuana: K2 Spice

    Synthetic Marijuana

    K2-50 / K3 / K2P

    What is Synthetic Marijuana?

    The synthetic version of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, K2/Spice or K3, is a mixture of plant material sprayed with synthetic psychoactive chemicals. Often looks like potpourri and typically labeled “not for human consumption.” Dangerous to purchase from Internet because its origins and chemical amounts are unknown. The ingredients and strength of products containing synthetic cannabinoids are almost impossible for the user to know.

    Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

    200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

    10 ng/mL (Saliva)

    Window of Detection

    1 - 3 Days (Urine)

    1 - 2 Days (Saliva)

    How is it Used?

    Synthetic cannabis is used similarly to authentic natural cannabis. It is primarily smoked in rolled cigarettes, glass pipes, bowls, and bongs. Users may also try to ingest to experience effects.

    What are the Effects?

    Synthetic cannabinoids act on the same brain cell receptors as THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the mind-altering ingredient in marijuana.

    So far, there have been few scientific studies of the effects of synthetic cannabinoids on the human brain, but researchers do know that some of them bind more strongly than marijuana to the cell receptors affected by THC and can produce much stronger effects. The resulting health effects can be unpredictable and dangerous.

    Because the chemical composition of many synthetic cannabinoid products is unknown and may change from batch to batch, these products are likely to contain substances that cause dramatically different effects than the user might expect.

    Synthetic cannabinoid users report some effects similar to those produced by marijuana:

    • elevated mood
    • relaxation
    • altered perception—awareness of surrounding objects and conditions
    • symptoms of psychosis—delusional or disordered thinking detached from reality

    Psychotic effects include:

    • extreme anxiety
    • confusion
    • paranoia—extreme and unreasonable distrust of others
    • hallucinations—sensations and images that seem real though they are not

    Common Symptoms

    • rapid heart rate
    • vomiting
    • violent behavior
    • suicidal thoughts
    • headaches
    • anxiety
    • depression
    • irritability
    • toxic reactions
    • elevated blood pressure
    • reduced blood supply to the heart
    • kidney damage
    • seizures

    Common Street Names

    • Bliss
    • Black Mamba
    • Blaze
    • Bombay Blue
    • Fake Weed
    • Legal Weed
    • Genie
    • Red X
    • Dawn Scooby Skunk
    • Snax
    • K2-Spice
    • K3

    What does it Look Like?

    Synthetic marijuana is created to mimic the look, along with the side effects, of marijuana or THC. It most commonly resembles the look of dried ground herbs, though the smell of synthetic marijuana differs and will have a pungent, sometimes fish like, odor.

    Legal Status

    Because the chemicals used in them have no medical benefit and a high potential for abuse, authorities have made it illegal to sell, buy, or possess some of these chemicals. However, manufacturers try to sidestep these laws by changing the chemical formulas in their mixtures.

    Testing Options

    • Integrated Urine Test Cup
    • Urine Test Dip Card

    Contact us

    Call Us

    1-866-989-9300

    Email Us

    info@ntsbiz.com

    Our Location

    550 NW 77th Street

    Boca Raton, FL 33487

    Get in touch