Barbiturate

Barbiturate

Barbiturate

BAR

What are Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are depressants that produce a wide spectrum of central nervous system depression from mild sedation to coma. They have also been used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics, and anticonvulsants. Barbiturates are classified as Ultrashort, Short, Intermediate, Long-acting. Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

200, 300 ng/mL (Urine)

50, 300 ng/mL (Saliva)

Window of Detection

2 Hr. - 3 Days (Urine)

1 - 2 Days (Saliva)

How is it Used?

 

Barbiturates are abused by swallowing a pill or injecting a liquid form. Barbiturates are generally abused to reduce anxiety, decrease inhibitions, and treat unwanted effects of illicit drugs. Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous because overdoses can occur easily and lead to death.

What are the Effects?

Barbiturates cause mild euphoria, lack of inhibition, relief of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of memory, judgment and coordination, irritability, and paranoid and suicidal ideation. Tolerance develops quickly and larger doses are then needed to produce the same effect, increasing the danger of an overdose. Barbiturates slow down the central nervous system and cause sleepiness.

Drugs with similar effects include alcohol, benzodiazepines like Valium® and Xanax®, tranquilizers, sleeping pills, Rohypnol®, and GHB.

Common Street Names

  • Barbs
  • Block Busters
  • Christmas Trees
  • Goof Balls
  • Pinks
  • Red Devils
  • Reds & Blues
  • Yellow Jackets

Common Symptoms

Effects of overdose include:

  • shallow respiration
  • clammy skin
  • dilated pupils
  • weak and rapid pulse
  • coma
  • death
 

What does it Look Like?

Barbiturates come in a variety of multicolored pills and tablets. Abusers prefer the short-acting and intermediate barbiturates such as Amytal® and Seconal®.

Legal Status

Barbiturates are Schedule II, III, and IV depressants under the Controlled Substances Act. Barbiturates were first introduced for medical use in the 1900s, and today about 12 substances are in medical use.

Testing Options

  • Integrated Urine Cup Test
  • Urine Dip Card Test
  • Oral Fluid Test

Contact us

Call Us

1-866-989-9300

Email Us

info@ntsbiz.com

Our Location

550 NW 77th Street

Boca Raton, FL 33487

Get in touch

Barbiturate

Alcohol

Alcohol

ALC / ETG

What is Alcohol

Alcohol is one of the most used and abused, yet widely accepted, drug of abuse being one of the oldest consumed substances around the world. People from all over the world use alcohol for many different reason but one of the main uses of alcohol is drinking it. It is important to know that not all alcohol is drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol, also called ethanol or ethyl alcohol, is produced by the fermentation of fruits, grains, or other sources of sugar and depending on this process will dictate the strength, or alcohol content, of a beverage. When alcohol is consumed your body will start to metabolize it producing what is called Ethyl Glucuronide (ETG), a metabolite of ethanol. Since ETG is a metabolite produced by the body after consumption you are able to detect positive trace amounts within a persons urine up to 80 hours from a person last drink, making it a desirable choice for alcohol screen testing.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

300, 500, 1,000 ng/mL (Urine)

<50, 50, 100 ng/mL (Saliva)

Window of Detection

Up to 80 Hrs. for ETG Urine Screen

How is it Used?

Alcohol is used in a variety of different ways but most commonly known, drinking alcohol, or ethanol, is usually ingested orally by consuming an alcoholic beverage. There has been cases where addicts have been know to consume other alcoholic products such as, mouth wash, cleaning products, medicines containing trace amounts of alcohol, and even rubbing alcohol, which can be very harmful or even fatal.

What are the Effects?

Side effects will vary based on the rate and amount of consumption as well as the potency and alcohol content of a drink. Effects can appear as early as 10 minutes. Your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) level, which is the amount alcohol present in a persons bloodstream, will rise as someone continues to drink and will increase the strength of any side effects. Heavy drinking and binge drinking, where someone consumes multiple drinks over and extended period of time, can lead to blackouts in memory where the user will often not remember his or her actions while under the influence. Prolonged alcohol consumption-can have adverse side effects on someones, brain, heart, liver, pancreas, and immune system and has even been known to increase risks of developing, mouth, throat, and liver cancer.

Alcohol is a highly addictive substance and can cause dependency with extreme withdrawal symptoms after stopping use. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a very serious illness that many people suffer form everyday. Some signs of AUD are:

  • Had times when you ended up drinking more, or longer than you intended?
  • More than once wanted to cut down or stop drinking, or tried to, but couldn’t?
  • Spent a lot of time drinking? Or being sick or getting over the aftereffects?
  • Experienced craving — a strong need, or urge, to drink?
  • Found that drinking — or being sick from drinking — often interfered with taking care of your home or family? Or caused job troubles? Or school problems?
  • Continued to drink even though it was causing trouble with your family or friends?
  • Given up or cut back on activities that were important or interesting to you, or gave you pleasure, in order to drink?
  • More than once gotten into situations while or after drinking that increased your chances of getting hurt (such as driving, swimming, using machinery, walking in a dangerous area, or having unsafe sex)?
  • Continued to drink even though it was making you feel depressed or anxious or adding to another health problem? Or after having had a memory blackout?
  • Had to drink much more than you once did to get the effect you want? Or found that your usual number of drinks had much less effect than before?
  • Found that when the effects of alcohol were wearing off, you had withdrawal symptoms, such as trouble sleeping, shakiness, irritability, anxiety, depression, restlessness, nausea, or sweating? Or sensed things that were not there?

Common Symptoms of Use

  • Reduced inhibitions
  • Slurred speech
  • Motor impairment
  • Confusion
  • Memory problems
  • Concentration problems
  • Coma
  • Breathing problems
  • Death

What does it Look Like?

Ethanol, or drinking alcohol, comes in liquid form and can vary in color, ranging from clear to dark brown and amber, as well as potency.

Legal Status

Alcohol is legal to purchase and consume it most part of the world with some age restrictions. Currently the legal drinking age in the United States is 21.

Testing Options

  • Integrated Urine Cup Test
  • Urine Dip Card Test
  • Oral Fluid Test
  • Breathalyizer (B.A.C. Test)

Contact us

Call Us

1-866-989-9300

Email Us

info@ntsbiz.com

Our Location

550 NW 77th Street

Boca Raton, FL 33487

Get in touch

Barbiturate

Amphetamine

Amphetamine

AMP

What is Amphetamine

Amphetamines are stimulants that speed up the body’s system. Many are legally prescribed and used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Amphetamine was first marketed in the 1930s as Benzedrine® in an over-the-counter inhaler to treat nasal congestion. By 1937 amphetamine was available by prescription in tablet form and was used in the treatment of the sleeping disorder, narcolepsy, and ADHD. Over the years, the use and abuse of clandestinely produced amphetamines have spread. Today, clandestine laboratory production of amphetamines has mushroomed, and the abuse of the drug is on the rise.

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

300, 500, 1,000 ng/mL (Urine)

<50, 50, 100 ng/mL (Saliva)

Cut-Off Levels (ng/mL)

From 2-5 hours after use up to 2-4 days (Urine)

1-3 Days (Saliva)

How is it Used?

Alcohol is used in a variety of different ways but most commonly known, drinking alcohol, or ethanol, is usually ingested orally by consuming an alcoholic beverage. There has been cases where addicts have been know to coAmphetamines are generally taken orally or injected. However, the addition of “ice,” the slang name of crystallized methamphetamine hydrochloride, has promoted smoking as another mode of administration. Just as “crack” is smokable cocaine, “ice” is smokable methamphetamine.

What are the Effects?

The effects of amphetamines and methamphetamine are similar to cocaine, but their onset is slower and their duration is longer. In contrast to cocaine, which is quickly removed from the brain and is almost completely metabolized, methamphetamine remains in the central nervous system longer, and a larger percentage of the drug remains unchanged in the body, producing prolonged stimulant effects. Chronic abuse produces a psychosis that resembles schizophrenia and is characterized by: Paranoia, picking at the skin, preoccupation with one’s own thoughts, and auditory and visual hallucinations. Violent and erratic behavior is frequently seen among chronic abusers of amphetamines and methamphetamine. Drugs that cause similar effects include: dexmethylphendiate, phentermine, benzphetamine, phendimetrazine, cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, and khat.

Common Symptoms of Use

Physical effects of amphetamine use include increased blood pressure and pulse rates, insomnia, loss of appetite, and physical exhaustion.

Overdose effects include agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, and possible death.

What does it Look Like?

Amphetamines can look like pills or powder. Common prescription amphetamines include methylphenidate (Ritalin® or Ritalin SR®), amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall®), and dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®).

Legal Status

Amphetamines are Schedule II stimulants, which means that they have a high potential for abuse and limited medical

uses. Pharmaceutical products are available only through a prescription that cannot be refilled.

Testing Options

  • Integrated Urine Test Cup
  • Urine Dip Card Test
  • Oral Fluid Test
  • Field Test